Activity Number
308
Editable
Overview and Learning Objectives
Classroom Practice
Central Concepts
Benchmarks and Standards
Extensions and Connections
Activity Credits
Requirements

Heat and Temperature (SAM) A 2-day activity

Interactive, scaffolded model

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This Activity Requires:

  • Java 1.5+ - Java 1.5+ is available for Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X 10.4 and greater. If you are using Mac OS X 10.3, you can download MW Version 1.3 and explore within it instead.

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Overview and Learning Objectives

Students learn that temperature measures average kinetic energy, and heat is the transfer of energy from hot systems to cold systems. They consider what makes a good conductor.

Students will be able to:

• Distinguish between heat and temperature at the atomic level.

• Determine temperature is related to both the speed and the mass of atoms.

• Explain that temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of atoms and molecules in a system.

• Experiment with the amount of energy and the size of a system and its relationship to a rise in temperature.

• Compare thermal radiation and heat conduction.

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Classroom Practice

Teacher Guide:

http://sam.concord.org/publications/teacher-guides/heat_and_temp.ver2.pdf

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Central Concepts

Key Concept:

Additional Related Concepts

Physics/Chemistry

  • Energy
  • Energy transfer
  • Heat energy
  • Molecular movement
  • Temperature

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Benchmarks and Standards

AAAS

  • THE PHYSICAL SETTING: ENERGY TRANSFORMATIONS - Heat energy in a material consists of the disordered motions of its atoms or molecules (Full Text of Standard)

  • THE PHYSICAL SETTING: ENERGY TRANSFORMATIONS - Transformations of energy usually produce some energy in the form of heat, which spreads around by radiation or conduction into cooler places (Full Text of Standard)

NSES

  • Physical-Science: Energy Conservation / Entropy - 3 Heat consists of random motion and the vibrations of atoms, molecules, and ions (Full Text of Standard)

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Extensions and Connections

Fermi Lab's ARISE Project suggests the following enhancement to this SAM unit: http://www.concord.org/~barbara/SAM/ARISE/ARISE_SAM_heat_temp.pdf

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Activity Credits

using Molecular Workbench

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Requirements

  • Java 1.5+ - Java 1.5+ is available for Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X 10.4 and greater. If you are using Mac OS X 10.3, you can download MW Version 1.3 and explore within it instead.

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NSF Logo
These materials are based upon work supported
by the National Science Foundation under grant numbers
9980620, ESI-0242701, EIA-0219345, DUE-0402553, and 0628181.

Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this
material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect
the views of the National Science Foundation.