Interactive model, with minimal support
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This model shows that charged particles within a conductor wire will move unidirectionally when the wire moves in a direction that cuts across the force lines of a magnetic field. Thus, the mechanical energy used to move the wire is converted into an electric current.
This is the physical principle of the homopolar electrical generators that convert mechanical energy into electrical energy. The homopolar generator was first built by the great English chemist and physicist Michael Faraday in 1831. Unlike other dynamos, Faraday's Law of Electromagnetic Induction cannot be applied to this case (because we can connect the wire to a circuit whose enclosed area intersects no magnetic flux, but electricity can still be generated).
Converting mechanical energy into electrical energy: the principle of homopolar electrical generators.
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